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“Women’s rights are human right”, Hillary Clinton
spoke to the United Nations in 1995. After that speech, she will be always be
known as a hero for women and girls. Feminism has been fighting time over time
from the past until now in lots of country in the world for women can
be equal with men. And it does. Someone may ask: What is Feminism?
According to Merriam- Webster dictionary, feminism is “the theory of
the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.” It is a belief that
men and women deserve equality in all opportunities, treatment, respect, and
social rights. It points out throughout history men have received more
opportunities than women. In the past women is under control of men. Now
because of feminism, women become an independent so that they can go to work
and have the right to vote or even become a leader of a
country.  They have been started from the beginning of the
twentieth century when women had a very stereotypical role in society to an
independent woman almost equally with men like now. How? Why? That is a lot of
questions about woman affect the society and it changes the
whole world.

Starting in the Roman days, women had to
be reliant on the men and only them. Though the past when they start at
Hunting and Gathering Societies men usually go out for hunting and women take
care of their children. In Vietnam and another country, especially
China, Japan, the husband was in control of wife and what they did and if they
were not married, they were under their father’s control. If women married
but their husband died, they had to under their son, if not have the son,
either they lived alone forever or they would suicide for “going with their
husband”. Women did not have the opportunity to go to school, Or they could
study at home with their father without higher education. Women did not have
the voice on anything, their father and husband was the one who decides all the
problems in family and society. Not only women don’t have the right to choose
her husband, but they also have to share her husband with other women. As men
had all the power, women could not do anything besides listen to men.

In some culture, women also have really less human right.

In India, when a husband died for any reason then in his pyre, the wife
immolates herself into it, it called Suttee. Even the wife don’t want to jump,
the society and her family still put her to do it. In China, the women need to
have food binding. The tiny feet had been wrapped in gauze and placed inside
specially shaped “lotus shoes.” This makes women very difficult for walk or
even broken bone. Small feet indicated that a woman’s husband did not need his
wife’s labor. In Africa, female have circumcision which is the ritual cutting
or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. This
surgery was done without anesthesia. They cut it
to reduce female sexual desire, making woman to be a virgin
at marriage and remain faithful to her husband. Women have also faced of honor
killings which are acts of violence, usually murder, committed by male family
members to female family member when she brings a shame upon the family. A
women can be killed by some reasons, such as deny an arranged
marriage, divorce, rape, lesbian, abusive husband, or committing
adultery. this issue happened in the Americas, Asia, the Middle East, and
North Africa. Women was really in the circle that they could not get out. After
all the inequality they began fighting back to get the human right.

In the nineteenth century that men were able to go to
work and had a social life, while women stayed at home for taking care of the
children and doing household. Throughout the 19th to the
20th century, women as a group have been fought for equality and the right
to vote. The history of the modern western feminist movement is divided into
three periods. Each period dealt with different aspects of the same feminist
issues. They called these periods as a “wave” why? Let’s look at the
definition of it. According to dictionary.com, wave as a verb means to
move freely and gently back and forth or up and down. That means the movement
to get the freedom of the women during the Feminism happen.  

First-wave feminism began in the context of industrial
society and liberal politics but is connected to both the liberal
women’s rights movement and early socialist feminism in the late 19th and early
20th century in the United States and Europe. According to the
wiki.dickinson.edu in the article Three Wave of Feminism, the first wave
started strongly after Seneca Falls Convention which was held to discuss
the ways that women were restricted while men were not, and
hopefully make a difference in the law saying that it is illegal for
women to vote. From Jim Fritz in the article “Feminism and its Effects on
Society” said the first wave of Feminism also focused on the promotion
of equal contract, marriage, parenting, and property rights for
women. Thus, although women of color continued to contribute and
representatives such as Ida B. Wells (1862–1931) and Mary Church Terrell
(1868–1954) also struggled to show how the connection of sexism and racism
behaved as the main means of White male dominance, the first wave of feminism
involved largely of White, middle-class, well-educated women.

The argue is talk about women have equal respect for men
and if women did not have the opportunity to vote then they had not been had a
full citizenship. This concept is often called “equal-opportunities feminism”
or “equity feminism.” It is characterized by the lack of distinction
between sex and gender. Sex refers to biological differences; genes,
hormonal profiles, internal and external sex organs. Gender defines
the characteristics that a society or culture describes as masculine or feminine. So
while your sex as male or female is a biological fact that is the same in any
culture, what that sex means in terms of your gender role as a ‘man’ or a
‘woman’ in society can be quite a different cross-culturally. These
‘gender roles’ have an influence on the health of the individual. 

In sociological terms ‘gender role’ refers to the
personalities and behaviors that different cultures aspect to the sexes. What
it means to be a ‘real man’ in any culture needs male sex plus what
our cultures define as masculine characteristics and behaviors, likewise a
‘real woman’ needs female sex and feminine personalities. Even though
biological differences were understood to form the basis of social gender
roles, they were not considered a threat to the ideal of human equity, and
biological differences were therefore not accepted as theoretically
or politically valid reasons for discrimination. And it has ended by the
passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1920,
grating women the right to vote in all states.

The Second Wave of Feminism began in the early 1960s.

Second-wave feminism is largely concerned with issues of equality beyond
suffrage, such as ending gender discrimination. The human right on the
women needed to be protected. In this wave, it was not focused just on the
White Women anymore, they have the right for color-women also. After the
two world wars, its showed that women could take men’s place in factories, that
they could work outside the house as well as within it, and they could
contribute to the economy. When men came back from the war and retook their old
jobs from women who were doing them during the war also were given higher
salaries which had made women more angry about this inequality. Therefore, the
second wave started. Simone de Beauvoir wrote the book name “The Second Sex”
which talked about the women’s roles in society and how it raised the idea of
what women do and act, where gender roles had learned and forced upon women.

The book had raised the question about why should women’s roles that forced
them to be behind the men in workplace and home.

In 1969, the other significant feminist groups joined the
protest to show how women in pageant competitions which were
paraded like cattle. In this year, Katy Millett wrote “Sexual
Politics” which was about the patriarchal structure of society which controls
sex, sexual expression, and ultimately politics and the narrative od political
discourse. Millett also point out the first oppressed people based sex
and gender to oppression the society then extending later is race and
class. In 1970, the movement expanded and continued to gain
momentum.  As the result, the “second wave” feminist movement
proved to be a major social evolution for Western countries and the
United States from the 1960s and later. Their major social change, such as
women’s participation in the labor force, and increased success forced a major
social awareness movement that questioned the roles of gender in society. The
writers began to question apparent traditional gender roles and exposed social
problems created by such roles on women.

The third wave of feminism began in 1990’s with the
intent to change the ideas which were not fixed during the second wave. It
focused criticism of the values that dominate work and society and the removal
of impediments to women’s love and sexual pleasure. Influenced by the
postmodernist movement in the academy, third-wave feminists sought to question,
reclaim, and redefine the ideas, words, and media that have transmitted ideas
about womanhood, gender, beauty, sexuality, femininity, and masculinity, among
other things. This sexuality, challenging female heterosexuality and
praising sexuality is a means of female authorization. It was an
evaluation of women’s feelings about sexuality that included
vagina-centered topics as diverse as orgasm, birth, and rape. 

For third-wave feminists, “sexual liberation” was
extended to mean a process of first becoming conscious of the ways
one’s gender identity and sexuality have been shaped by
society and then become free to express one’s faithful gender identity, such as
lesbian or bi-sexual. The third wave was much more inclusive of women
and girls of color than the first or second waves had been. In reaction and
opposition to stereotypical images of women as passive, weak, virginal, and
faithful, or alternatively as domineering, demanding, slutty,
and emasculating. The third wave redefined women and girls
as assertive, powerful, and in control of their own sexuality. Women were
getting more independence after the authorization of working equally with men
on the “second-wave.” Media programming for children increasingly depicted
smart, independent girls and women in lead roles, including Disney heroines
such as Mulan (1998) and Helen Parr and her daughter, Violet (The Incredibles, 2006),
and television characters such as Dora (Dora the Explorer, 1999–2006),
and Sesame Street’s first female lead, Abby Cadabby, who
debuted in 2006. After the third-wave of feminist women have more right to express
their sexuality and more laws for women right was accepted.

Even Feminism have to make the women have more
opportunity to work, education, marriage, role, and sexuality. There is some
bad influence on the society with it. When women have more power nowadays,
they tend to divorce more with their husband. They delay marriage and not
taking it as a big part of their life. The abortion rate also goes up when they
are easier to have sex with a man like in Vietnam. According to
the VnExpress, “The hospital carried out approximately 29,000
abortions in 2015, and in the first six months of 2016 over 14,000
pregnancies were terminated.” Women tend to not have the children when
they can work more to be dependence. Even if they have a child and
both of parent go to work then the child can have childhood obesity without the
take care of the women when they are too busy. When Feminism focuses too much
on the victim, it forgets about the society. The understanding between women
and men is needed to follow their faith and live happiness.

In conclusion, the feminist revolution in three
waves had been changing the women role. Women today in our society do
have a choice about how they want to be, marry who they love and how they spend
their time. Women can live a happy life with more law protecting them and
have the right to abortion, vote, and divorce. They can have a divorce
with an unhappy marriage and have more opportunity to be a leader and
dedicate to the society. Women have more power after three waves; however, they
still have violence on women, such as poor representations of women in the
media, of the lack of women in the sciences and politics, of street harassment,
of sexual harassment, and of rape. Therefore, some feminist scholars argue that
with the Internet and Social media, the fourth wave of feminism has
started. When the internet provides us a quicker way to get and stay
connected with people all around the world so spreading the feminist ideals and
movements is just as easy as the click of a mouse. They bring to the
discussion important perspectives taught by third wave feminism. Even feminism
also have some negative effect on the society. After all, women have the
opportunity to work, education, voice, social life, leader and the Feminism
still continuous.