Executive freedom, democracy and a culture of tolerance. 4.

 

 

Executive summary:

The
Pakistan is facing traditional and non-traditional threats, which is a security
concern for Pakistan. This policy is composed to encounter these challenges and
to protect the nation.

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Introduction:

The
first ever Pakistan national internal
security policy formulated after
67 years of its existence. It was formed to save the national interest of
Pakistan by directing security issues and concerns of the nation.

The
NISP is consist of two principles; mutual inclusiveness and integration of all
the national efforts. It includes three major elements:

1.     Isolation
of terrorists from their support systems

2.     Preventing
development of the security device that cause threats to internal security of our
country.

3.     Dialogue
with stakeholders

 

Policy
talks about the comprehensive response plan (CRP) that includes the elements of
dialogue, development, recovery and settlement. Policy clearly stated that the
socio-economic development would be the key to engage communities and youth for
productive use.

 

 

 

Background:

The
9/11 incident made the situation extremely complicated for Pakistan. International
community held Pakistan responsible for backing terrorism, and on the other
hand, the country incurred huge losses in terms of human lives and
socio-economic development. Pakistan had suffered a loss of about US$78 billion, and more than 50,000 people including civilians and military
men.

The
UN Resolution1624 (2005) made it compulsory for all countries to submit their
periodic report on terrorism and combat efforts, and this had turned it even
necessary for Pakistan to come up with an anti-terrorism policy like NISP. The
major event happened at the end of 2014 in December. Peshawar attack was
considered as an encounter to security of Pakistan.

 

Objective of 2015 policy:

1. To ensure
the protection of the life, property and fundamental rights of the citizens.

2. To prevent threats
to internal security.

3. To promote
pluralism, freedom, democracy and a culture of tolerance.

4. To resolve disputes
with hostile elements and maintaining the rule of law.

5. To establish
the writ of the State and protect the people from all internal threats.

 

These were the five
main objectives of national internal security policy and NISP cannot achieve
its goals without active participation of Provincial Governments and Police in
the NISP implementation process.

Some other very
important points of the NISP are as follows:

1. Countering
terrorism will remain an elusive concept without the coordination of Provincial
Governments and Federal Agencies

2. Staff of NACTA
will be selected on merit

 

3. Provincial Governments,
Armed Forces and intelligence agencies will share required information with
NACTA

4. Federal
Government shall work with Provincial Governments to provide them requisite
assistance

 

Problems:

 In the budget for fiscal year 2014–15 (which
came after the approval of the NISP), the federal government reduced
allocations for NACTA from 95 million to 92 million, of which 63 million were
earmarked as administrative and salary-related expenses. Furthermore, the
government also significantly reduced budgetary allocation for the interior
division, which manages agencies responsible for internal security matters
(such as paramilitary forces), by nearly 40 percent in the FY 2014–15 budget. If
the federal budget is an indicator of policy commitments, the NISP is clearly
not a top priority. In response, neither have the provinces earmarked specific
budget lines for the NISP. Rather, provinces increased budgets for provincially
controlled law and order measures and organizations.

There are
areas, which need attentions and more clear discussions. Implementation would
be the major area of concern. Coordination among all agencies would be a huge
task, as policy also seeks the involvement of ISI. Coordination would be
extended to provincial police departments, counter terrorism departments, etc.

The policy also
talks about a number of mechanisms and setting up of some new institutes,
organizations or departments. Fundamental question is that from what financial
resources the government would fund all these initiatives. Capacity and capability
of these departments will be another area of concern.

NACTA has a
very elaborative structure to implement the policy. It would be the main hub of
research and development and information sharing and coordination with all the
stakeholders. Highly skilled workforce and financial resources would be
required, which Pakistan does not have.

Centralized
management of internal security policies brings difficulties to achieve goals
of the policy. It is unclear whether the provincial governments “own” the
National Internal Security Policy and how far the central government is
enabling reform to achieve results.

Internal
security cannot be tackled without first forming a coherent and overall
national security policy and strategy that reviews and address both internal
and external security environments and incorporates all dimensions from
military power to foreign policy.

 

 RECOMMENDATION:

The government needs
to appoint an internal security professional, someone experienced and senior in
the field, to ensure that internal security policy is implemented appropriately
and to monitor coordination across government. Without strong leadership, NISP
cannot go far. For the implementation of
NISP, a visionary and higher level political leadership is required. The government
must elaborate the concept in length. Similarly, to achieve the target, huge
investment is required in education, training and wellbeing of people. NACTA
and CCNS should be merged and a deputy prime minister should head it.  Pakistan also has the precedent of deputy
premiership during the Zardari government. It will make the process smooth and
easier for taking swift actions and bringing all the stakeholders on-board.
This step must be taken again by the current government of Pakistan to have
free flow of implementation process.