The preserve Colonies worldwide, doing this provided treasured raw

The definition of an empire is
when a group of countries are partially ruled by just a single monarchy. In the
16th century Britain had already started to establish many colonies,
by the 17th century Britain’s empire began to expand as they had colonies
in many places such as the West Indies and South America, this eventually all
came to an end after the ‘British Revolution’, just under 200 years later Britain
decided to build a second Empire ‘based on British sea power’ just before the war
started. before the war began Britain managed to control and preserve Colonies
worldwide, doing this provided treasured raw materials; However, In the late 19th
century, the economic depression was declining by other competition in the
industrial side such as Germany and the United States ‘Who surpassed Britannia
in terms on industrial power, economic power, Economic wealth and started to
dominate trade’. So, due to this competition that Britain were facing, they
found it difficult to maintain the British empire due to its lack of profits and
tradability. The economic status of the British empire seemed to gradually
decline and the events of the imperial Boer War that cost the British Empire
£200 million pounds did not help the cause. Eventually the UK was on the verge
of Bankruptcy however through the help of Wall street it Kept Britain in the
war, however the US was also a major source that helped Britain by providing
purely to ‘sustain the war’. Thus Throughout this dissertation I will be
evaluating the dismantling of the British Empire after 1945, I will have
several reasons and points to support my point of view.

 

India helped Britain in many
ways during the year of 1947, thus becoming independent. Not longer than one
year later, ‘Communist Guerrillas launched a violent campaign aimed at forcing
Britain from Malaya’. Many people lost their lives due to this war, but ‘an
effective political and military response prevented a communist takeover’ By
the 31st of August 1957 Malaya became an independent Democracy, Britain
knew that if they had carried on fighting this war it could eventually be catastrophic
and end up killing thousands more people which was not necessary especially
just after world war 2 where many soldiers had lost their lives then. Britain
quickly released Palestine in the middle east to prevent any other wars between
them which, was a wise choice considering the British empire did not have the
sufficient funds at the time and purely could not afford to lose any more
people to fight to maintain colonialism, as this eventually could have lead to
strikes which would have then eventually lead to a civil war in Britain that
would have ended the British empire for good. No countries in the continent of
Africa managed to reach independence till 1957, ‘Ghana became the First African
Colony to reach Independence’. Eventually by the year 1967 over 20 British
colonies became independent; at this point Britain knew that they were out of
their league as this started to become colossal as other countries knew that
there were colonies fighting for independence so then word passed and then they
believed that they had the capability to do the same as they eventually knew
that Britain did not have the money or the muscle to start wars with these
colonies therefore letting them have independence.

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The British empire needed to
make a massive turn to repair itself and get back on the high horse. Britain
lost the colony in 1967 ‘that had provided much of its military east of Suez,
as well as paying rent for the hire of much of Britain’s own army.’ This lead
to a massive decline within the British Empires defence which made things worse
than they ever were in the past. After these events had occurred it was bizarre
that India’s Victory against Britain did not up leading to Britain having a
sudden review of its world interests and an appropriate decision to ‘abandon
its far-flung commitments from the Caribbean to Hong Kong.’

 

The US
and Soviet Union were Dominating Britain , the British Empires economy was
crumpling over the years ‘the labour government had embarked on a huge and
expensive programme of social reform.’ The labour foreign policy was taken over
by two important British leaders at the time one was the prime minister of Britain
known as Clement Attlee and his worker that was also a good friend of his
Ernest Bevin, however Britain’s future came out completely unexpectedly due to
their input to the labour foreign policy. These men believed that the loss of
economy for Great Britain and the Sterling survival as a ‘great trading
currency required closer integration with the old white dominions, especially
Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.’ both

Attlee
and Bevan claiming that the decrease of Britain’s economy could be beneficial

to
them as it means that they could get into closer relations via trading with
both New

Zealand
and South Africa. However, this decision would have been seen as quite a

selfish
move at the time because firstly they are in a bad position due to their lack
of

economy
and secondly because they will be using other countries to help them ruin

the
economy further as this was seen as more of a spontaneous option rather than a

well
thought about idea that could potentially benefit the British empire both

economy
and military wise.

 

The British Empire wanted to
benefit as much as they could from the tropical colonies that they owned as
they were aware that products such as Tin , Cocoa and rubber could potentially
be sold for a lot of money at the time, meaning that Britain could still
increase its economy through trading. It wasn’t the fact that it was
an Economic major decision.  ‘Britain ‘s
strategic defence against the new Soviet threat required forward air bases from
which to bomb Southern Russia – the industrial arsenal of the Soviet Union.’ With
no other options this meant that they had to stay on in the Middle east even
after the dislocation of British control condition in Palestine and its hasty
evacuation in 1948. It was Britain’s priority to remain and ‘uphold third great
power’ and it this could only happen if they could maintain the British Empire,
the British were determined ‘to hang on to their treaties bases, including the
vast Suez Canal Zone’ This was so that they could withhold against the Soviet
Influence in Asia and expected Australia’s help in order to do so. However, these
decisions did end up causing a huge back fire because they chose to be greedy
and rather than letting the countries become independent and manage to find
other/safer ways to build economy, it started a war.

The British government had
trouble to ‘achieve its post imperial war vision’ in the 1950s. The Government
changed the commonwealth for India in turn for allowing Britain’s monarchy to
remain head of the Common wealth. They consented that they need to adjust
independence to their colonies and upsurge self-governing approaches. Eventually
Britain allowed some of their valuable colonies independence such as Malaya and
Ghana, however the deal was for them to still be in Britain’s financial and
strategic influence. The British government invested in many weapons in order
for them to keep its old role as ‘the great lender of the capital’ they did
this in order to prepare for the ant colonialism happening in some of the
countries. This portrays that the British government desperately wanted their
old role back to be taken seriously and to increase their economy to maintain
the British empire so that it would stop declining and they thought that to do
this they needed to start a war and fight the anti-colonial countries that
stood against their political leadership. However, things did not go to plan as
them staying in the middle east lead them to confront the president of Egypt
which then lead for them to release his presidency by order of the ‘collusion
with Israel.’ The Suez disaster in 1956 was a reckless decision made by Britain
as it ended up not just affecting Britain’s military and financial support, but
they also ‘destroyed much of what remained Britain’s influence in the middle
east.’. Britain had some control over other colonial territories and these
countries had heard about how fast their country was developing this in exchange
encouraged them to ‘strengthen nationalist movements.’ As they knew that The
British government did not have the strength and money to start another war, so
these countries took advantage of this so that they could have independence and
so that they could control their own political changes for their benefit;
Eventually, Britain was struggling to move forward and control all these
political changes happening around them, so then Britain’s role as the ‘third
great power and deputy leader of the western Alliance was threatened by the
resurgence of France and West Germany.’ Britain’s economy was not rising at
all, to be exact their economy was worse than it was before and stuck. Britain
went through extreme lengths in order for them to have power not just in Europe
but in the world, however due to poor choices and potentially greed, it did
lead to a huge decline in the economic and social systems which could have been
avoided, however they always wanted more, even in desperate situations, Britain
wanted to best.

In the conditions that the
British empire was in, they were struggling to fund and sustain the ‘Semblance
of British World Power.’ The EEC was Britain’s one of last its last options to
increase economy, however they were rejected twice, however they also done this
because their intentions to ‘partly smash the Franco German alliance.’ Britain
chose to remove their leadership from the remaining colonies so that they could
avoid an economic issue with the nationalist movements, so after this ‘it had
publicly scheduled a degree of self-government for Kenya, Uganda and
Tanganyika. All became independent in 1961 and 1963.’ Eventually, Britain
started to lose all their colonies for their loss of power. However, even after
all of this, British leaders still thought that there was  a chance that Britain would still remain in
the ‘top table’ as due they believed that they had an influence on the
commonwealth that their ex colonies had joined, which they were harshly wrong
about as There was a crisis going in the southern Rhodesia in 1965 known as the
‘white settler revolt’ which Britain attempted to stop, which they failed to do
leading to a huge embarrassment and ‘drew fierce condemnation from many new
common wealth states.’ The British economy was going south and eventually they
could not bare the pain as there were issues surrounding them that they had no
control over, eventually ‘devaluation of the pound in November 1967 was
followed within weeks by the decision to withdraw Britain’s military presence
east of Suez.’ Putting Britain out of its misery at this point as they were
left with no other choice.

The 1970s was the final fall
of the British Empire, Britain eventually joined the European community in the
1970s and had finally come to it end. However, if an empire has ended, it is
hardly ever a ‘tidy affair’. In the late 1970s a rebellion known as The
Rhodesian, they fought a war with Britain as they demanded to keep the
‘Falkland Islands’. As of Hong Kong they decided to sustain the tacit Chinese
agreement as a British dependency until 1997. The British Government had to
eventually forget about their political issues in the past and come to terms
with it all, this was so that they can finally be able to move forward and
build up their legacy again and try to make it more successful by making wise investments
rather than doing risky and spontaneous ones. In the 21st century there
were still imperial links that had survived throughout the many years these were
the links based mainly both on law and language, this is good as it potentially
portrays a platform for a ‘growing importance in a globalised world.’ This is a
slight benefit from that the British empire concluded with their colonist links
as it made a partial difference to some of their societies in the long term
which is what was one of the main goals that was to be achieved. The British Empire
was a massive experience in British history and one of the most talked about
events in Britain as it had affected Britain so much at its peak time due to
all its colonies and the expectation of the common wealth as it was known that even
common wealth had enough it was ‘bruised and battered’ in the 1960s however it
has managed to remain a useful utility in the global network of informal
connections.

In conclusion, The British Empire
came to an end due to their desperate need of wanting to remain third world
power and because of the money and soldiers they lost due to the wars that they
had fought to retain the British empire, even though these were drastic moves
and intentions, they felt that this had to be done in order to be seen as a
powerful country that was never in need of economic and military help which
ended up backfiring as they lost all this power and needed help from other countries
as that they could sustain the British Empire, however even after this help Britain
wanted to remain financial support from some colonies which eventually chose to
fight back.